City of Lodz



1) Gathering of evidence of the scale of the risk and vulnerability of society, and capacity of natural systems to lower the exposure.

2) The justification for & securing of city green ring & blue-green network, establishing of local spatial plans protecting ecosystem service donor areas.

3) Defining, dissemination, & adoption by the City the protocols for efficient engagement of blue-green infrastructure in building up the natural capital.

4) Identification of key components of ecosystem insurance system for the city, demonstration of real costs of business as usual in long-term, in comparison to ecosystem service-based management.

5) Development of economic tools and models to support decision-making system.

6) Development of business models to establish public-private partnerships in the area of building up natural capital and enhance regulatory ecosystem services in the city.


Nature Based Solutions & Measures

There are two important processes shaping the future of the City of Lodz: urban sprawl due to lack of a coherent city strategy, proper regulations & spatial plans, & city integrated revitalization programme. The first process leads to the decline of biodiversity, deterioration of water resources of the city (disappearance of rivers springs, drop of minimal flows in rivers, decrease of groundwater level & recharge), decrease of natural capital what results in: severe heatwaves and air pollution, pluvial flooding, poor water quality imposing risk to people and fauna. The critical NBS are LID; detection, delineation & restoration of river sources; re-establishing of wetlands; rebuilding of forest cover for microclimate regulation. The revitalization programme is an EU co-funded effort of rebuilding the city centre with particular attention given to adaptation to climate change, transfer of ecosystem services from donor areas through a blue-green system, & reestablishing of ecohydrological regulatory feedbacks between biota & hydrology. The critical NBS measures are: retention ponds and infiltration basins, tree trenches, infiltration ditches – in order to reinforce plant growth, microclimate regulation, groundwater & river recharge, green roofs, squares & street trees for climate regulation, flood protection & biodiversity stepping stones; biofilters and sedimentary ponds for improvement of water quality.


Main Outcomes Sought

  • Map of risks & vulnerable areas;
  • Tools to support the legal system in protecting critical ecosystem services;
  • Defined spatial planning & water management options with related ecological, economic & societal costs & benefits;
  • Tools to reconsider local plans & the study of city spatial development;
  • Ready-to-apply decision support tool for the private-public partnership for incorporation ecosystem services into physical & financial insurance system;
  • Tools to amend city revitalization plans;
  • Contribution to city climate adaptation strategy.

Potential Beneficiaries & Key Stakeholders

  1. City of Lodz departments: Municipal Services, Environmental Protection & Agriculture, City Greens, Bureau for the City Revitalization & Development of Urban Areas, Dptm. of Treasury & Infrastructure, Dptm. of Strategy.
  2. The University of Lodz, faculties of Biology & Environmental Protection, Socio-Economics, Geography.
  3. City companies: Waterworks, City Board of Road & Transportation, Lodz Infrastructure Company.
  4. The Regional Water Management Authority in Warsaw.
  5. Inhabitants of the city, e.g. owners of property in vulnerable locations.
  6. NGOs- Sydzimir Foundation, Normalne Miasto Fenomen, Centre for Ecological Education.
  7. SMEs engaged in biotechnology & NBS, Insurance & estate companies.
  8. City agricultural lands, rivers, forests & wildlife.
  9. Brownfields & wastelands.
  10. Established & planned green infrastructure.